There are various methods of treating muscle spasms in the thigh, and in the following article, we will talk about the most prominent of them.
The treatment of muscle spasms in the thigh depends on the basic causes that cause it. It may be caused by pathological causes, and in this case, it is necessary to treat the underlying problem. If the cause is unknown, then the muscle spasm in the thigh can be treated with medical or home treatments, which will be explained below:
Medical treatment of muscle spasm in the thigh
The following drugs are available that contribute to the treatment of muscle tension in the thigh and leg, and despite the lack of scientific evidence to support their efficiency in preventing spasticity, the doctor may prescribe them in an attempt to relieve symptoms; among these drugs, we mention the following:
Pain relievers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, help relieve muscle pain after the spasm has passed but do not contribute to preventing the spasm.
dietary supplements, such as vitamin B complex, vitamin B12, calcium, magnesium, or potassium.
Muscle relaxants, such as Orphenadrine or Carisoprodol, help reduce pain, spasm, and muscle stiffness.
calcium channel blockers, such as Verapamil or Diltiazem.
Home treatment of muscle spasm in the thigh
In most cases, muscle spasm in the thigh is transient and goes away on its own, but sometimes it can be painful and last for a long time, causing unpleasant symptoms, especially at rest or during sleep.
In general, some exercises or home measures help to get rid of a seizure attack, in addition to relieving pain or soreness that may persist even after the seizure has passed. These steps include the following:
Stop the activity that caused the cramping.
Stretch the cramped muscle and massage it gently until the cramp subsides, while keeping the leg straight.
Take a hot shower or apply a warm washcloth or hot compress to the tense muscle until the spasm stops.
Apply cold compresses to the areas of pain after the spasm subsides.
Stand or walk if cramping occurs while sitting or sleeping.
Exercises for the treatment of muscle spasms in the thigh
Most cases of muscle spasms in the thigh and leg can be treated simply by doing some exercises that contribute to stretching and relaxing the muscles.
In general, there are several exercises that can help treat muscle spasms in the thigh. They can be practiced during a spasm attack to enable the muscle to relax, or they can be practiced periodically, at least three times a day, to achieve muscle flexibility and to prevent the recurrence of spasms.
The types and steps of muscle stretching exercises include the following:
Hamstring muscle stretch
The hamstring stretch is useful in relieving the spasm caused by the hamstring and calf muscles, and its steps include the following:
Sit on the floor, with the body straight and legs straight forward.
Bring the hands toward the feet and stay in the same position for 30 seconds or pull the toes toward the knees and stay in the same position for 30 seconds.
Quadriceps muscle stretch
Stretching the quadriceps muscle helps relieve the spasm caused by the anterior thigh muscle, and its steps include the following:
Stand straight, and a wall or chair can be used to stabilize the body.
Grasp one foot and pull it back towards the buttocks, bringing it as close to the body as possible, and stay in the same position for 30 seconds.
Repeat the exercise with the other foot.
Prevention of muscle spasms in the thigh
Some measures can help prevent thigh and leg muscle cramps from recurring, including the following:
Drink enough water, especially before and after exercising.
Minimize the consumption of caffeinated or alcoholic beverages.
Do warm-up exercises, such as: doing a brisk walk or jogging for several minutes, or stretching the muscles before starting any sports activity.
Avoid strenuous or strenuous exercise for long periods or in hot weather, as it causes muscle fatigue and depletes body fluids.
Do muscle-stretching exercises before bed, especially if the muscle cramp occurs during sleep.
Put pillows under the feet while sleeping to keep the toes pointing upwards, and avoid sleeping positions or blankets and sheets that contribute to the misalignment of the feet.
Wear comfortable and supportive shoes.