According to various studies, women often ignore these common indicators of cancer!
The most common types of cancers in 2020 are expected to be breast cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, thyroid cancer, renal pelvic cancer, leukemia, endometrial cancer, and pancreatic cancer.
Being able to recognize early warning signs of cancer may be able to save a life! It’s important to stay informed, so here are 15 early warning signs of cancer that women should not ignore.
Most breast lumps are not cancer, but your doctor should always check them.
Marlene Myers, M.D., an oncologist at NYU Langone Medical Center, says women with bulges are normal.
But she also says that if symptoms don’t improve over time, or if they occur with weight loss or bleeding, see a doctor.
Persistent bloating can sometimes mean ovarian cancer. You will have a pelvic exam as well as blood tests, and sometimes an ultrasound.
If you still get periods, tell your doctor if you spot them.
Bleeding that is not part of your normal menstrual cycle can have many causes, but your doctor will want to rule out cancer of the lining of the uterus (endometrial cancer).
If you dread your period because of heavy menstrual bleeding, talk to your doctor. There are many effective treatments for excessive bleeding (menorrhagia).
Menstrual signs and symptoms may include:
Soaking through one or more sanitary pads or tampons every hour for several hours in a row
The need to use double health protection to control your menstrual flow
The need to wake up to change the sanitary protection during the night
I have been bleeding for more than a week.
Passing blood clots larger than a quarter
Restriction of daily activities due to heavy menstrual flow
Symptoms of anemia, such as tiredness, fatigue, or shortness of breath
When to see a doctor
Seek medical help before the next scheduled test if you experience:
Very profuse vaginal bleeding, soaking at least one pad or tampon every hour for more than two hours.
Bleeding between periods or irregular vaginal bleeding
Any vaginal bleeding after menopause
A change in the size, shape, or color of a mole or other spot is a common sign of skin cancer.
The skin color usually changes because of something in the body.
For example, a person may appear yellow due to liver problems, blue due to breathing problems, bruising due to blood disorders, or red due to skin problems.
Changes in the skin may be due to tumor growth, exposure to sunlight, or side effects of treatment.
Some color changes may improve over time, while others may last a long time.
What are you looking for?
Yellowish skin and/or the whites of the eyes. They may also have dark orange to brown (or pee) urine and/or white or clay-colored (light brown or gray stools) (poo).
Bruising or blue or purple areas of skin that have no known cause
Very pale or blue-tinged skin, lips, or nail beds. Often with difficulty breathing.
Redness or rash on the skin
Swelling in the deformed area
What can the patient do?
Gently clean the skin with warm water, gentle soap and a soft cloth.
Rinse the red or rash-covered area carefully and pat dry.
Apply a water-repellent ointment, such as Vaseline or A+D® ointment. Expose the affected skin to air whenever possible.
Protect the affected area from heat and cold.
Wear loose, soft clothing.
Apply medications prescribed for skin reactions.
Protect your skin completely from the sun. (For example, wear a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and long-sleeved shirts when outside.)
Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher to any skin exposed to the sun. Reapply every two hours if you are in the sun and after showering or sweating.
blood in urine or stool
Talk to your doctor if you’re bleeding from a part of your body that doesn’t usually happen, especially if the bleeding lasts more than a day or two
Myers says. Bloody stool is often the result of hemorrhoids, but it can also be a symptom of colon cancer. Bloody urine is usually the first sign of bladder or kidney cancer, says Herbert Lepore, MD, a urologist at New York University Langone.
Common causes of blood in the urine
The presence of blood in the urine means that the bleeding is occurring somewhere in the genitourinary system. In men, these organs include the kidneys, ureters, prostate gland, bladder, and urethra.
The most common causes of hematuria are kidney and bladder stones. Another group of major causes includes trauma to the kidneys, bladder, or other parts of the genitourinary system.
In addition, anything from “jogger’s hematuria” that occurs after exercise, kidney disease, sexually transmitted diseases, benign prostatic hyperplasia, urinary tract infections, tumors, blockages, as well as some medications can cause bleeding.
Lymph node changes
Lymph nodes are small bean-shaped nodes around the body. Most of the changes in it come from a common infection.
But some types of cancer, including leukemia and lymphoma, can cause the lymph nodes to swell. It’s a good idea to see your doctor if you have swelling or swelling anywhere on your body that lasts for a month or more, Myers says.
Sometimes, you don’t have to worry about a swallowing problem. But when it does happen more often, especially with vomiting or weight loss, your doctor may want to check for throat or stomach cancer.
random weight loss
Most unintended weight loss isn’t cancer, Myers says. “It’s often caused by stress or the thyroid gland, but it can be a sign of pancreatic cancer,” she says. It is also possible to develop stomach and lung cancer.
Your doctor may order a lot of tests to look for a problem, including blood tests and imaging tests, such as a CT scan.
Reasons for losing weight
There are many reasons for unexplained weight loss, some serious and some annoying.
In older adults (over 65 years of age) the most common cause is cancer, followed by gastrointestinal and psychiatric diseases.
An overview of some of the reasons include:
Endocrine diseases: Conditions such as hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism), hypothyroidism (hyperthyroidism), diabetes, and Addison’s disease.
Infections: Infections with viruses, bacteria, and parasites are common and include infections such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and endocarditis (infection of the heart valves).
Cancer: Weight loss may be the first sign of blood-related cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma, or solid tumors such as lung cancer (particularly lung adenocarcinoma), colon cancer, ovarian cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Weight loss can also occur when a tumor recurs in its early stages (such as breast cancer). About 40 percent of people with cancer say they experienced weight loss at the time of diagnosis, and a 2018 study found unintended weight loss with the second-highest predictor of some cancers.
Intestinal problems: such as peptic ulcers, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and pancreatitis.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): COPD includes conditions such as emphysema, bronchitis, and chronic bronchitis.
Eating disorders: Both anorexia nervosa and bulimia can lead to weight loss, and people dealing with these conditions may not admit to intentionally losing weight.
Malnutrition: due to poor food choices, or financial resources that limit food purchases (starvation).
Medications: Almost any medication may have weight loss as a consideration. Medications may directly cause weight loss, or cause nausea and loss of appetite resulting in weight loss.
Substance abuse: Not only can street drugs like methamphetamine be abused but prescription drugs like Adderall and over-the-counter medications like laxatives may be abused.
Neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.
Too much food, alcohol, or stress (or all three) can cause severe heartburn. Myers suggests changing your diet for a week or two to see if your symptoms improve.
Heartburn is actually a symptom of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), and it is caused by acid refluxing back into the esophagus. Risk factors include those that increase acid production in the stomach, as well as structural problems that allow acid to flow into the esophagus.
Some of the common foods we eat and drink stimulate increased gastric acid secretion, paving the way for heartburn. Over-the-counter medications may also cause heartburn. Examples of these irritants include:
aspirin (Bayer, etc.),
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, etc.)
Naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve)
Citrus juices (grapefruit, orange, pineapple)
acidic foods (tomatoes, grapefruits, and oranges), and
Smoking and consumption of foods that are high in fat tend to affect the function of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), causing the stomach to relax and allowing acid to reflux into the esophagus.
Hiatal hernias, where part of the stomach is located inside the chest rather than the abdomen, can affect the way the LES works and is a risk factor for reflux. Hiatal hernias by themselves do not cause any symptoms. Only when the LES fails does heartburn occur.
Pregnancy can cause increased pressure within the abdominal cavity and affect the function of the LES, predisposing it to reflux.
Obesity may also cause pressure in the abdomen to increase, thus rebounding in the same way.
Primary diseases of the esophagus can also present with heartburn as a symptom. These include, among others, scleroderma and sarcoidosis.
If you smoke, watch for white or bright red spots inside your mouth or on your lips. Both can indicate oral cancer. Ask your doctor or dentist about tests and treatment.
A bitter taste in your mouth is often a serious problem, but it can interfere with your daily life and affect your diet.
burning mouth syndrome
As the name suggests, burning mouth syndrome causes a burning or burning sensation in the mouth that can be very painful.
These symptoms can occur in one part of the mouth or throughout the mouth. It can also produce a feeling of dry mouth and a bitter or metallic taste.
Burning mouth syndrome occurs in both women and men, especially in women going through menopause and beyond.
Sometimes a burning mouth has no identifiable cause. Doctors suspect that it may be due to nerve damage in the mouth.
It may also be related to underlying conditions or treatments for conditions such as diabetes, cancer treatment, and hormonal changes during menopause.
A fever that does not go away and cannot be explained may mean leukemia or another blood cancer. Your doctor should get the details of your medical history and give you a physical exam to check for the cause.
Fever is usually associated with physical discomfort, and most people feel better when the fever is treated.
But depending on your age, physical condition, and the underlying cause of the fever, you may or may not need medical treatment for the fever alone.
Many experts believe that a fever is a natural physical defense against infection.
There are also many non-infectious causes of fever. Fever is generally not considered dangerous, but hyperthermia can cause a dangerous rise in body temperature.
This can be due to temperature extremes associated with heat injury such as heat stroke, side effects of certain medications or illegal drugs, and stroke.
As the temperature rises, the body is no longer able to control body temperature.
For children with fever, accompanying symptoms such as lethargy, lethargy, poor appetite, sore throat, cough, earache, vomiting, and diarrhea are important to convey to your doctor.
Talk to your doctor if your fatigue does not improve or if you have other symptoms, such as blood in your stool.
Your doctor will ask for your complete medical history and perform blood tests.
Fatigue is a common symptom of many medical conditions that range in severity from mild to serious.
It’s also a natural consequence of some lifestyle choices, such as a lack of exercise or poor diet.
If stress is not relieved by proper rest and nutrition, or if you suspect it is due to an underlying physical or mental health condition, see your doctor.
They can help diagnose the cause of your fatigue and work with you to treat it.
change in urination
Urinary symptoms can include frequent urination, small amounts of urine, slow urine flow or a general change in bladder function.
These symptoms can be caused by urinary tract infections (usually in women) or in men by an enlarged prostate gland.
Frequent urination can interfere with your work, hobbies, sleep, and mood, so it’s important to talk to your doctor if you have concerns about how often and how much you urinate.
Most people can sleep through the night without having to urinate, or need to get up only once to use the bathroom.
People who have to get up multiple times in the night may have a condition called nocturia.
Frequent urination is defined as urinating more times than you think is normal.
The Cleveland Clinic defines frequent urination as urinating more than 4 to 8 times a day for healthy people who are not pregnant.
Pain can be caused by many conditions, but persistent, unexplained pain that lasts for a month or more can indicate bone, brain, or other cancers.
Ask your doctor about any suspicious, long-lasting, unexplained pain.
Neuralgia is caused by nerve damage. More than 50 medical conditions, drugs, and toxicities are known to cause nerve damage, including:
Medications, including B6 (pyridoxine), isoniazid, HIV medications, or chemotherapy
Toxins, such as heavy alcohol use
Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and vasculitis
Vitamin B12 deficiency
Some types of cancer, such as lymphoma or myeloma
Once the nerves are damaged, they are more likely to start behaving abnormally. He may calm down and not send any information, resulting in a feeling of numbness. Or it may send excessive and inappropriate pain messages.
This may be one of the most mundane and varied symptoms on the list. There are a lot of reasons why people cough and these reasons are often natural, trivial, and temporary.
When the cough persists over a period of weeks, someone should express concern.
If you feel pain or shortness of breath while coughing, it can be dangerous.
If you are coughing up blood, it is dangerous. Smokers should pay special attention to cough, as it is the most common sign of lung cancer.