It is the most prevalent malignant disease in the world, so the symptoms of breast cancer must be recognized early by everyone in society so that things do not develop for the worse.
Breast cancer is an abnormal growth of breast cells or mammary ducts in the breast.
These cells grow uncontrollably and may spread to other areas of the body.
Both women and men can develop breast cancer, although breast cancer in men is very rare.
In order to understand the basis of this problem, we must understand the following:
The mechanism of milk production in the breast consists of two parts, the lobes that produce milk, and the system of tubes responsible for transporting milk.
Sometimes various abnormalities occur in this system, such as blockage of the lobes or ducts by unnecessary “cancerous” cells.
It should also be noted that this problem cannot be accurately diagnosed by mammography; therefore, a biopsy is required to make the diagnosis.
The principle is that the examination is periodic, without waiting for the symptoms of breast cancer to appear.
The causes of breast cancer are still not fully known, but there are a number of factors that increase the risk of breast cancer.
It is important to note that even if a woman has one or more risk factors, she does not necessarily have cancer.
Also, the absence of risk factors does not guarantee that she will not get cancer, and therefore the absence of these factors does not negate the need to pay attention to the symptoms of breast cancer.
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
In the early stages, the patient usually does not notice any symptoms, especially since she does not feel any pain.
However, there are many signs that can indicate this problem, and symptoms of breast cancer include:
hardening or lumps in the breast that could not be felt before.
Breast size differs in a way that was not there before.
watery, bloody, or purulent discharge from the nipple.
The appearance of the breasts when raising the arms.
noticeably in the breasts and nipples, such as noticeable redness.
new and permanent redness or peeling of the chest skin.
swollen lymph nodes in the armpit.
However, symptoms do not necessarily mean that the disease is breast cancer, but if the patient notices these symptoms, a medical examination is highly recommended.
If the disease has already reached an advanced stage, the symptoms are:
Unwanted weight loss.
Extreme tiredness and frequent fatigue.
General pain such as extremity or back pain.
Breast cancer causes
A number of factors and variables play an important role in determining the incidence of breast cancer, including the relationship of human gender to breast cancer symptoms.
Breast cancer is more common in women than in men, and statistically, there is less than one sick man for every 100 sick women.
Also, symptoms are more severe in women than in men.
Age and symptoms of breast cancer
The risk of developing cancer increases with age. Breast cancer is more common in women age 50 and older, and about 78% of patients are diagnosed at this age.
About 15% of patients are diagnosed between the ages of 40-49 and about 6% of patients are diagnosed under the age of 40.
Therefore, women over fifty should be more careful in being aware of the symptoms of breast cancer.
Hence, we find that age is an important factor affecting the likelihood of developing this disease.
Breast cancer symptoms and family history
Women whose family member has been diagnosed with breast or ovarian cancer before, especially if it is a first-degree relative (mother or sister), should be more careful about any possible symptoms of breast cancer, because their risk of developing this disease is much higher than the rest. Women who do not have this important risk factor.
Any woman with dense breasts has a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
Dense breasts refer to a condition in which most of the breast tissue is composed primarily of connective tissue and very little fatty tissue.
This condition is especially characteristic of young women.
Radiation therapy to the chest area at an early age
Women who have undergone radiation therapy to the breast (usually as a treatment for lymphoma), especially in the age of breast development, are more likely to develop the disease. Therefore it is necessary to check the symptoms of breast cancer.
There is no doubt that hormonal factors increase the risk of breast cancer, and they are as follows:
Women who have been taking replacement therapy for menopause, especially treatment that combines estrogen and progesterone, for more than 10 years.
With the discontinuation of treatment, the risk decreases, so these women are advised to be monitored medically and to take treatment for the shortest possible period of time.
Women who have never had children, or who have given birth in old age, after the age of 35.
A woman who has never breastfed or who has breastfed for a short period of time, less than a year.
Women who had their period at an early age (before age 11) or entered menopause at a relatively older age (after age 55).
And women living in these conditions should be alert in the event of any possible symptoms of breast cancer.
breast cancer treatment
Radiation therapy for breast cancer
Without radiation, the chance of cancer returning after surgery is about 50%, so radiation therapy should be included as much as possible to treat symptoms of breast cancer.
The goal of radiotherapy after surgery is to destroy very small remnants of the tumor.
Radiation therapy is recommended after resection if the tumor is larger than 3 cm.
Breast cancer chemotherapy
If patients ignore the symptoms of breast cancer or do not detect them, the situation will worsen, and medicine will resort to chemotherapy.
And chemo drugs are pills that carry toxic substances to cancer cells, and they work throughout the body, causing damage and decomposition of cancer cells, which is important for treating and reducing the severity of symptoms.
The drawback of chemotherapy is that the drugs also prevent healthy cells from dividing.
Which affects the cells of the hair roots and the cells of the mucous membranes.