What is PCOS?
PCOS is a hormonal disorder. They are caused by a hormonal imbalance in the brain and ovaries. The cause of this error is unknown.
The ovaries normally produce estrogen and progesterone, which are female hormones. The ovaries also produce androgens, which are male hormones. In polycystic ovary syndrome, the ovaries produce too many androgens. This leads to a hormonal imbalance that can have wide-ranging effects on the body. These effects can be mild or severe.
PCOS affects about 1 in 10 women.
Like any chronic disease, PCOS will affect your life in one way or another. But if you take good care of your body and follow the treatments recommended by your doctor, polycystic ovary syndrome can become a very minor nuisance. Even other people may not notice it.
Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome often begin when a girl’s period is expected to begin
PCOS usually appears around the time a girl’s first period is expected. Because of excess androgens, women with polycystic ovary syndrome may have little or no periods.
Other possible symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome include:
Unusual hair growth on the face and body
Difficulty maintaining a healthy weight
Ovaries that contain many small cysts (polycystic ovaries)
Increased levels of fats in the blood (lipids)
Increased insulin or glucose levels
Increased androgens in the blood
Not all of these symptoms will be for all women.
PCOS is diagnosed through the patient’s history, examination, and blood tests.
There is no single test for PCOS. Your doctor will ask you about these things:
Hair and skin problems
Unexplained weight gain
What was your medical condition in the past (your medical history)?
The doctor or nurse will measure your weight, height, and blood pressure.
They will take a blood sample. Your blood will be checked for levels of insulin, hormones, and glucose.
The doctor may also order an ultrasound of the ovaries to look for cysts.
PCOS can be treated and its effects on the body can be reduced
There is no definitive cure for PCOS. But it can be treated and managed. PCOS treatment is important for two reasons:
Many women with PCOS worry about how the disorder will affect their appearance. that understood. PCOS treatment will reduce the impact on your appearance. This will help improve how you feel.
If left untreated, PCOS increases your risk of developing other health problems. These health problems include:
Infertility (difficulty getting pregnant)
Polycystic ovary syndrome treatment
How you treat PCOS depends on your symptoms.
Since polycystic ovary syndrome often leads to weight gain, you need to follow a healthy diet. You should also exercise every day.
Because PCOS is a hormonal imbalance, part of your treatment is trying to restore that balance. There are two ways to do this:
increased level of female hormones.
reducing the effect of high male hormones.
To increase the level of female hormones, the doctor may prescribe birth control pills. The pills will have the following effects:
This helps make your menstrual cycle more regular.
It is likely to improve acne and reduce hair growth on the face and body.
This will reduce the risk of endometrial cancer.
To reduce the effect of male hormones, your doctor may prescribe anti-androgen medications. Antiandrogens have these effects:
blocking the action of male hormones.
It will reduce unwanted hair growth and acne.
One common anti-androgen drug is spironolactone. If you take it, you will probably also take the birth control pill. Some birth control pills have an anti-androgenic effect on female and male hormones.