Cervical cancer results from the growth of abnormal cells in the cervix in abnormal amounts. The cervix (cervix) is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that connects the uterus to the vagina (vagina).
Early detection of cervical cancer will ensure a full recovery in most cases.
Cervical cancer symptoms
Unusual changes in cervical cells rarely cause symptoms, but if these changes develop into cervical cancer, symptoms of cervical cancer may include:
Unusual bleeding from the vagina or a change in the menstrual cycle cannot be explained.
Bleeding after contact with the cervix during sex, for example, or after the female diaphragm has been inserted to prevent pregnancy (the diaphragm).
feelings of pain during intercourse.
Vaginal discharge stained with blood.
Cervical cancer causes and risk factors:
Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV).
Infection with this virus is transmitted during sex with a person infected with this virus, and there are many types of HPV, and not all of them cause cervical cancer, some cause the formation of warts (warts) in the genitals, and others do so. It does not cause signs or symptoms. for cervical cancer.
Factors that increase the risk of cervical cancer include:
Weakened immune system.
Have taken contraceptives for more than 5 years.
The birth of more than 5 children.
Cervical cancer complications
Cervical cancer complications include:
A blood clot or thrombus.
Cervical cancer diagnosis
If cervical cancer is suspected, the doctor will ask the patient a number of questions about the family’s medical history, and then perform a physical exam. The doctor may need to perform other tests, including:
- Pap test
It is a routine examination and its purpose is to detect any abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix and cervical cancer.
This test is done routinely, because it is a very simple procedure, and it is also the only way available to detect and treat cervical cell changes before they develop into cervical cancer.
- Colposcopy examination and biopsy of cervical tissue
Colposcopy and a biopsy of cervical tissue from a pregnant woman may be performed to confirm a diagnosis of cervical cancer and to confirm the presence and location of cancer cells outside the lining of the cervix.
- Biopsy of the cervical mucosa (treatment)
to detect the presence of cancer cells in the cervical canal.
- Cone biopsy
or coiled electrode excision (LEEP). With these methods, a sample of cervical tissue is taken for microscopic examination.
Cervical cancer treatment:
When cervical cancer is detected in its early stages, the chances of cure are high, and if it is caught at a very early stage, there is a chance that the patient will become pregnant and have children afterward. Complete the treatment.
Treatment of cervical cancer in its more advanced stages depends on getting rid of the cancerous cells, which leads to the inability to have children later on.
Treatment methods used include:
Hysterectomy, removal of lymph nodes in the pelvic area, it may be necessary to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes.
The number of treatments required is determined by the number of cancer cells that have grown, and it is also possible to combine several treatments.
Radiation therapy is the standard treatment method for some stages of cervical cancer. Radiation therapy is often combined with surgery. Radiation therapy is the use of high-frequency radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.
The rays can come from a machine outside the body or from a radioactive material (a radioisotope) inserted through the vagina into the cervix, where the cancer cells are, through very fine tubes in plastic (brachytherapy).