Physical therapy for stroke patients

Stroke affects many aspects of life, and physical therapy is important to limit its effects. Here are some facts about physical therapy for stroke patients.

Stroke is the most common cause of disability worldwide. More than eight hundred thousand people in the United States suffer a stroke each year, and about two-thirds of them require physical therapy.

Continue reading the following article to learn more about physical therapy for stroke patients:

Physical therapy for stroke patients
A stroke occurs either due to bleeding in or around the brain, called a hemorrhagic stroke, or due to ischemia in a specific area of ​​the brain, called an ischemic stroke.

Stroke patients’ degree of disability and the physical therapy they need depends on the extent and location of the brain injury.

Stroke physical therapy aims to improve a person’s ability to perform the functions of daily living and improve their level of independence so that they can improve their quality of life as much as possible.

It should be noted that the brain has a natural ability to repair its neurological problems, resulting in improved brain function over a period of months or even years. However, despite this, physical therapy for stroke patients is essential to help them achieve the best possible outcome.

Benefits of physical therapy for stroke patients
Physical therapy helps stroke patients reacquire skills that were suddenly affected by a stroke.

In addition, a rehabilitation program that includes physical therapy mainly helps protect the patient from the development of other health problems, such as:

Pneumonia.
Urinary tract infection.
Injury after a fall.
Large vein thrombosis.
Natural treatment methods for stroke patients
Repetitive, targeted, and directed exercise are the core components of a neurophysiotherapy program.

The physical therapy plan depends on the part of the body or ability that is affected by the stroke and may include:

Movement exercises: These exercises help strengthen and coordinate muscles.
Motor training: the patient learns to use mobility aids, such as a treadmill or a wheelchair.
Treatment by conflict: the healthy limb feels satisfied and the affected limb is moved to strengthen its motor function.
Range of motion therapy: This is done through specialized exercises that help the patient regain a full range of motion in the affected part.
Research has also shown that functions in the area of ​​the brain damaged as a result of a stroke are transferred to other unaffected areas, and that motor exercise helps overcome this damage by rewiring and stimulating brain circuits. known as neuroplasticity.

Initiation of physical therapy for stroke patients
Physical therapy for stroke patients begins within 24 to 48 hours of diagnosing the condition and ensuring that the patient’s vital signs are stable.

The focus in the early stages is to encourage independent movement to overcome any paralysis or weakness.

As much importance is given to the functions of daily living, such as washing, dressing, and eating, to allow the patient to regain as much of a normal life as possible.

Factors that affect the results of physical therapy
Many factors influence the final outcome of physical therapy for stroke patients, including the following:

The Injury scale: the severity and extent of brain injury.
Age: The degree of recovery is higher in children and young adults than in the elderly.
Level of alertness: Some strokes affect a person’s ability to be alert, pay attention, and follow instructions needed to perform physical therapy.
The severity of other chronic conditions: Some chronic conditions can affect the outcome of physical therapy.
Home Environment: Making some modifications to the home helps improve independence and safety, such as adding handles or handrails for stairs.
Family and Friends Collaboration: Having a supportive family has a huge impact on the physical therapy and rehabilitation process, which can extend over several months.

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