5 symptoms of skin cancer you should know this summer

Skin cancer is treatable if caught early, so it’s important to understand how to recognize its telltale symptoms.
A description of skin cancer.
The two main types of skin cancer are melanomas and carcinomas. Cancer is the most common type of cancer in the Caucasus. On the other hand, skin cancer is less common but more dangerous.

It is responsible for only 10% of skin cancers but is responsible for 75% of the deaths from this type of cancer. In total, approximately 65,000 new cases of cancer and 8,000 new cases of melanoma are diagnosed each year in France, according to VIDAL. The main risk factors for skin cancer are:

Be careful if you have fair skin, the risk is greater.
Excessive exposure to the sun before the age of 15 (children’s skin protection is necessary and sunscreen is not enough, combine it with the wearing of T-shirts and hats);
Usual exposure to sunlight and/or artificial ultraviolet rays;
A family history of skin cancer.
The number of moles on your skin: Having more than 50 moles is a risk factor.
Moles: when to worry?
When a mole meets at least three criteria for the “ABCDE” rule, you should consult a dermatologist:

A for asymmetry
(b) for irregular borders.
C for color (if the mole has changed color or is abnormal)
D for diameter (must not exceed 6mm)
Scalability: growth and/or scalability (this last criterion is the most important, you can consult an expert if you only give this out of 5)
Should I worry if a mole is bleeding?
Have you been scratched, cut, or injured? Bleeding from a mole caused by trauma is not dangerous.
If you are a person at risk, feel free to get yourself checked regularly by a dermatologist.

Also, remember to do self-exams to monitor yourself for any mole or other lesion that meets at least three ABCDE criteria.

Completely undress and examine carefully:

face and ears.
With the help of a hair dryer to better soften your skin;
hands without forgetting about nails;
arms and armpits.
Neck, chest (a good look under the breasts in women), abdomen;
Using a mirror, examine the neck, shoulders, back, buttocks, and back of the thighs.
Finally, seated, examine the front of the thighs, shins, and feet, not to mention nails and the genital area with a mirror.

Learn more about basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinomas are the most common type of cancer in adults (70%) and are responsible for the majority of skin cancers.

It usually occurs after the age of 60 and develops on the skin in places exposed to the sun. 70 to 80% of basal cell carcinomas are located in the face and neck.

How do they look?
Most often, basal cell carcinomas are characterized by small, solid, pearl-like lesions, as small as a few millimeters in diameter, raised and intersected by small vessels.

This type of cancer can also appear as a pink or red spot with a slow and gradual enlargement (usually on the trunk or extremities), a scaly lesion (often on the chest or back), or a persistent ulcer or white/yellow, waxy, hard plaque that Define its limits.

Basal cell carcinomas are often caught early, allowing them to be treated as effectively as possible. Surgery is best, and often the only treatment required.

Learn more about squamous cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinomas, or squamous cell carcinomas, occur in the same areas of the skin but show a faster progression. It is less common than basal cell carcinoma (20% of skin cancers).

How do they look?
They appear as small, ulcerated, raised, red bumps that bleed easily. Squamous cell carcinoma most often develops on actinic keratosis, a small, scaly lesion, a few millimeters in diameter, red or brown, usually on sun-exposed areas.

People with multiple actinic keratoses have a 10% risk of developing invasive squamous cell carcinoma. If an actinic keratosis spreads rapidly and becomes more swollen and hard, one can suspect that it has turned into squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma can metastasize to the lymph nodes and therefore must be treated as soon as possible.

Learn more about skin cancer
Melanoma is a malignant tumor that arises from skin cells called melanocytes. It is the rarest form of skin cancer (10%), but also the most dangerous. People with fair skin who find it difficult to tan are more likely to develop skin cancer.

How does it look?
Melanoma of the skin manifests itself as a rapidly changing pigmented lesion resembling a mole.

Recently this task appeared in 70-80% of cases. Rarely, it corresponds to an existing mole that will develop into melanoma.

Most often, melanoma has the following characteristics: asymmetric outlines, raised or irregular surfaces, irregular striped outlines of brown, black, red, sometimes blue, and large in size.

It can happen anywhere on the body. However, it often appears on the back in men and on one leg in women.

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