Acupressure is defined as applying pressure to sites or points in the foot and hand that follow or are connected to the glands and major organs of the body, and affect those parts of the body using pressure on their respective areas of the foot or hand, affecting the areas that these places are connected to within the body
This type of therapy is known as reflexology and is a science and an art.
Reflexology is based on the belief that every part of the foot or hand follows a part of the body. When the body is sick or subjected to stress, the body becomes in a state of imbalance, and this appears on the sensitive areas of the foot or hand to identify the part of the body in which the disease or imbalance occurs, and the stress. on him. Reflexology Points: Stimulation occurs on the parts of the body that depend on it, thus blood circulation improves and the body relaxes everything in balance.
Reflexology is a simple and natural integrated method, as it stimulates the self-healing processes in the body, so it can treat many diseases such as back pain, circulatory problems, constipation, high blood pressure, hormonal imbalance, insomnia, and migraine headaches. Irritable Bowel Syndrome. and tension.
Although ancient inscriptions indicate that the ancient Egyptians, Japanese, and Chinese took care of their feet and hands for better health, in the early 20th century, Dr. William Fitzgerald developed the theory of reflexology, or what he called area therapy. The latter became the basis of neurofeedback science.
Practitioners in this field believe that neural pathways are found throughout the body, and when one of these pathways is blocked, the body feels uncomfortable. Reflexology helps activate the energy pathways in the human body and returns it to a stable state or organic balance, or homeostasis. Zone therapy theory, from which reflexology is derived, states that there are ten zones distributed throughout the body, five of which are on the right side and the other five on the left side. Nervous reactions pass through these areas like electrical wires in our homes. These areas are used to locate the different sites of nerve reflexes on the feet and hands. All parts of the body in one area are connected by nerve pathways and have corresponding reflective areas on the feet and hands. It turns out that the instep represents the chest, the lungs, the shoulders, the toes represent the head and neck, the upper arch represents the soles of the diaphragm and the upper abdomen, while the lower arch represents the pelvic viscera and the bottom. In the abdomen, the heel represents the pelvic nerves and the so-called sciatic nerve. The outer part of the foot represents the arm, shoulder, hip, leg, knee, and lower back, the inner part of the foot represents the spine; and the ankle area represents the genitals and pelvis. Many practitioners claim that neuro-reflexology can cleanse the body of toxins, increase blood flow, promote weight loss, and improve the health of all parts of the body. Some claim that neuro-reflexology is effective in treating many serious diseases. Those who have tried acupressure on the body parts of the feet say it cured allergies, headaches, sinus problems, asthma, back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, constipation, kidney stones, menstrual problems, arthritis, prostate problems, reduced stress, and increased relaxation. improving blood circulation and restoring vitality and activity.
In the modern era, the trend toward the use of natural means of prevention and treatment has increased. In the sports field, it has become possible to use reflexology through its various models with the aim of ridding athletes of certain conditions related to fatigue and stress and increasing the speed of recovery.
What are the physiological bases of reflexology?
It is known that the body responds to all external stimuli, and through the sensory nerves distributed in the skin, any consultation is transmitted to the central nervous system, which in turn responds in the form of nerve signals directed to different parts of the body. that perform certain functions in response to the excitation that has occurred. The simplest and most common example to illustrate this is an injury to the knee joint from the front. This excitation is transmitted to the nervous system through the sensory nerves, and these, in turn, give motor nerve signals that alert the muscles of the knee joint to contract, and the rapid response to the road movement that occurs under the joint indicates this. The movement of the knee extends to the knee joint, this is called reflexology.
The human skin is characterized by containing different sensory receptors, and these sensory receptors can receive sensations related to pain, cold, heat, pressure, and vibration and transmit them to these sensory receptors spread on the skin until their size reaches one. square centimeter. The skin contains sensory receptors, for example, two sensory receptors for heat and twelve receptors for cold, twenty-five receptors for touch, and one hundred and fifty receptors for pain. Under the foregoing, the use of any type of pressure or massage will stimulate the skin, causing objective and general physiological reactions through reflexes. It should be noted that the skin also contains chemomechanical receptors that regulate the relationship between the body and the surrounding external environment. A feature of mechanosensory receptors is their speed of adaptation during mechanical repetition to influence them. Therefore, it is very important to diversify the pressure or massage in terms of force methods and point pressure using different types of pressure.
It should be borne in mind that the thumb is most often used for pressing, which is sharp and hard through the front surface of the first phalanx and not at the tip of the finger. The fingers are also used from the second to the fourth as well as the palm of the hand. The period of pressing should not exceed 5-7 seconds.
Hypertensive patients should not use pressure or massage without consulting a doctor, as some studies have shown that massage can raise blood pressure for a short time. Likewise, anyone with heart or circulatory problems should consult a doctor before acupressure or massage therapy.