Most people think that cancer affects certain parts of the body, such as the lungs and breasts, but the disease can also affect the mouth, affecting the lips, tongue, cheeks, and throat.
This disease can infect anyone in the world because, according to the latest reports, 6767 people were diagnosed with oral cancer, and this disease takes more lives than glue from the testicles every year, so it is necessary to learn more about this disease because it is a silent killer.
In this article, we will discover the first signs that help us in the early detection of oral cancer.
General information about oral cancer
Oral cancer is one of the types of cancer in which the tumor occurs in any part of the mouth on the surface of the tongue, in the lips, inside the cheek, in the gums, in the roof and floor of the mouth, in the tonsils. and salivary glands.
There are several steps that help us understand this disease better, which are:
The zero stage is called the precancerous stage, in which cancer cells that are inside the lining of the mouth have intervened, but have not yet truly spread and are done as quickly as possible to reduce the chances of the disease turning into a more serious disease. appearance. Where cancer begins to attack and spread.
The first stage: This stage is called the early invasion stage. Cancer cells begin to grow through the deep tissues at the back of the mouth, no more than 2 cm and have not yet spread to nearby tissues and lymph nodes.
Stage II At this stage the growth of the tumor exceeds 2 cm to less than 4 cm, and here it began to spread to the lymph nodes.
Stage III At this stage two things happen: the tumor size exceeds 4 cm and has reached the lymph nodes and other parts of the body. The second possibility is that the tumor is in any direction and has reached the lymph nodes on the same side of the neck as the cancer cells, and the growth of the lymph nodes does not exceed 3 cm.
The fourth stage, and this stage, in turn, is divided into three stages
The first is that cancer has spread through the tissues lining the lips and mouth, and the lymph nodes may or may not contain cancer cells.
The next stage means that cancer can be any size, and has spread beyond the lymph nodes on the same side of the neck or on both sides of the elbow, the size from to Dave being larger at 6 cm.
As for the last stage, cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs and bones
Most early signs of oral cancer you should know:
Oral cancer is more common in people over the age of 40, especially men. The risk of developing this disease in men is twice as high as in women. 86% of cases were reached in patients over 50 years of age, and 90% of affected men were found to be men versus 85% of women. Disease, lifestyle, and environmental factors surrounding it. Therefore, it is very important to detect the disease early and undergo treatment as soon as possible.
The presence of white or red spots in the throat or mouth.
Ulcers that do not heal.
Abnormal weight loss.
Some people suffer from the problem of bad breath, which has many causes, but the cause of this smell is a problem in the mouth. Therefore, if this problem persists for a long time and several treatments and ways to get rid of it do not work, then you should immediately consult a doctor to get the appropriate treatment.
Presence of red or white spots in the throat or mouth
These spots can be considered one of the first signs of oral cancer, because the abnormal spots appear in red or white color, whether in the mouth or throat. These spots in themselves are not cancerous, but they can lead to cancer if left untreated. There is a type of fungus that can cause these spots. If you can fight that fungus and get rid of those spots, you don’t have to fear mouth cancer here 3. Wounds that won’t heal
Mouth ulcers are one of the most important early signs of oral cancer, which is a damaged part of the skin that does not disappear or hurt when touched and persists for a long time without an obvious cause that led to its presence. If the ulcer persists for more than three weeks, you need to visit the dentist.
Oral cancer sores appear on or under the tongue, and sometimes they appear elsewhere in the mouth.
Abnormal weight loss
Oral pain causes difficulty swallowing and chewing, which prompts you to cut back on your diet. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor if you have lost more than 4-5 kilograms in a short time without following a diet; This may be one of the first signs of oral cancer
You may notice swelling in the neck due to swollen lymph nodes, which could be one or more of the oropharyngeal lymph nodes, due to oral or pharyngeal cancer. Inflamed and red bumps may mean an infection, if these bumps increase slowly, it may be an indication of oral cancer, and this is one of the most important signs that you should be very careful.
Speech problems Oral cancer can also affect your voice and make it sound strange. The tone of the voice changes, whether it is higher or coarser, sometimes words are pronounced quickly and sometimes you find it difficult to pronounce them sometimes. These symptoms can be one of the most common signs of oral cancer.
Difficulty swallowing Pain or a burning feeling when chewing and swallowing can be caused by oral cancer, where you feel food sticking to your throat. This is another sign of oral cancer that should be explained here.
Persistent cough: This is the last sign of oral cancer that should not be ignored or ignored. When you have a persistent cough for a long time and voice problems, you should consult a doctor before it gets worse.
In addition to the most common signs of oral cancer mentioned earlier in the article, there are also others that can be added such as
Difficulty moving the jaw or tongue.
Teeth loosening for no apparent reason
Abnormal bleeding from the mouth or numbness.
Presence of bumps in the mouth, throat, or lips
It is essential to consult a doctor if you notice any of the symptoms we mentioned in this article and they persist for more than two weeks; So that the real cause of its existence can be discovered and then treated and eliminated.
In this article, we would like to shed light on the causes that lead to oral cancer, which helps to better understand this disease and know the ways to treat it.
There are two main causes of oral cancer, alcohol, and tobacco, which increase the risk of this disease, although recent reports indicate another cause of this disease and that is the human papillomavirus or HPV, which is the most important of them. The causative agent of oral cancer. But very few people know that this virus is the main cause of oral cancer.
Smoking is also one of the most important things that increase the risk of oral cancer. Two-thirds of oral cancer cases are closely related to tobacco smoking
Despite the seriousness of the matter, some are not aware of the harmful effects of smoking, so it is necessary to provide adequate information to help smokers quit this bad habit that causes oral cancer.