Many women suffer from a condition called PCOS, also known as PCOS, without even knowing it. Often, candidates with PCOS experience irregular menstruation, increased facial hair, and acne, especially on the chin, lips, and sideburns.
This results from a hormonal imbalance, and often, but not always, PCOS causes cysts to form directly on the ovaries.
These cysts are harmless but lead to hormonal imbalances that can cause irregular or prolonged periods, excessive hair growth, acne, and obesity. It is also important that PCOS is diagnosed early so that it does not lead to long-term complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
What causes PCOS?
Doctors don’t know exactly what causes PCOS, but there are some theories about some of the risk factors:
Excess insulin: Too much insulin can affect the ovaries by increasing the production of androgens (male hormones), which can ultimately interfere with the ovaries’ ability to ovulate properly.
Low-grade inflammation: Studies have shown that women with PCOS also experience low-grade inflammation, which leads to polycystic ovaries to produce androgens.
Heredity: PCOS can be hereditary, so if your mother or sister had it, you also have a higher chance of getting it.
PCOS signs and symptoms begin shortly after a woman begins her period, but PCOS can also develop during her later reproductive years. There are many signs to look out for; However, individuals may be affected differently, and symptoms worsen with obesity.
The Mayo Clinic and WebMD say you should look out for the following symptoms:
1- Irregular menstruation
This is one of the most common signs of PCOS. Some examples include cycles that are on a 35-day cycle or longer, fewer than eight periods a year, long or heavy periods, and a failed period of four months or more.
2- Excess facial and body hair
You may find increased hair growth on the chin, chest, back, stomach, and even the toes.
3- My mood
You may experience depression or mood swings that seem out of character.
PCOS can also cause acne or very oily skin. The blisters may be very deep and painful
5- Insulin problems
Excess insulin interferes with the ovaries’ ability to ovulate properly.
PCOS treatment varies from person to person. Your doctor may prescribe lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to help with weight loss. Your doctor may also prescribe birth control to help regulate your menstrual cycle and reduce androgen production.
Every patient is different, so if you recognize any of the symptoms, you should speak with your doctor to get a diagnosis and learn the best way to treat PCOS and its symptoms.