stomach cancer | Its causes, symptoms and how to prevent it

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The stomach, in addition to the esophagus, forms the upper part of the digestive system, which is responsible for digesting food and transporting nutrients to the rest of the digestive system, which is represented by the small intestine and the large intestine.

Stomach cancer is one of the diseases that affect the stomach, where cancerous cells grow inside the lining of the stomach, forming a tumor.

The disease is difficult to diagnose easily because symptoms do not appear in the early stages, and the disease is usually detected after it has spread to other parts of the body.

In this article, we will discuss the most important causes of stomach cancer, its symptoms, how to treat it, and ways to prevent it.

Causes and risk factors for stomach cancer
There are several risk factors that help turn healthy cells in the upper part of the digestive tract into cancerous cells that grow out of control, the most important of which are:

1- Some diseases
The risk of stomach cancer increases with certain diseases, including:

An infection caused by a spiral bacterium known as Helicobacter pylori.
Stomach polyps: These are clumps of cells that form on the lining of the stomach.
Genetic syndromes such as Lynch syndrome.
Tumors in other parts of the gastrointestinal tract.
Having a family history of stomach cancer.
2- Diet
Eating salty, dried, smoked foods and red meat regularly increases the risk of stomach cancer.

A healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and good food storage are among the most important factors that protect the body from diseases in general.

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3- Other factors
Some additional factors that increase your risk of developing the disease include:

smoking.
Drink a lot of alcohol.
Improper storage of food.
Lack of exercise.
obesity.
Exposure to chemicals and carcinogens for long periods.
Don’t cook well.
Symptoms of stomach cancer
Symptoms of stomach cancer are common in other conditions such as stomach ulcers or a bacterial infection in the stomach, and usually no symptoms or signs appear in its early stages, so the disease is difficult to diagnose easily.

Symptoms of stomach cancer include:

heartburn
Anorexia.
Feeling bloated after eating.
Indigestion.
Feeling full after eating a small amount of food.
excessive fatigue
Collywobbles.
Vomiting and nausea.
Complications of stomach cancer
Stomach cancer may spread to other parts of the digestive system, leading to many complications, the most important of which are:

bloody stools
Gastrointestinal bleeding.
persistent vomiting
Rapid weight loss.
The appearance of holes and protrusions in the upper part of the stomach.
Difficulty swallowing.
Can stomach cancer be cured?!
The stomach cancer treatment plan depends on several factors, including the age of the patient, the extent of the spread of cancer cells in the body, in addition to the general health condition of the patient, and among the most important treatment methods:

1- Surgery:
Surgical operations are among the most common treatment methods for stomach cancer, as some doctors resort to removing part of the stomach or removing the entire stomach, depending on the patient’s condition and the extent of the disease.

2- Radiotherapy:
Radiation therapy is used to target and kill cancer cells, but this type of treatment is not common in stomach cancer, but it may be necessary to use it as a way to shrink the size of the tumor before surgery.

3- Chemotherapy:
There are some drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells and prevent them from dividing and multiplying, and chemotherapy is the primary treatment for stomach cancer in its advanced stages.

4- Immunotherapy:
Some medications are used as an external source to stimulate the immune system to attack cancer cells.

Ways to prevent stomach cancer
There is no way to prevent stomach cancer, but following some guidelines can help reduce your risk of developing the disease. These guidelines include:

Exercising regularly.
Reduce alcohol consumption.
Eat a well-balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
Avoid smoking.
Store and cook them well.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Cut down on salty and dried foods.
Consult a doctor if you have a family history of stomach cancer or any other diseases.

in the end…. Stomach cancer is one of the most dangerous types of cancer because it is difficult to diagnose, and this is due to the absence of any symptoms in its early stages, so you should consult a doctor when the pain persists, and conduct the necessary examinations if you have a family history of the disease.

 

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