The nine most common symptoms of testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Testicular cancer has specific signs and symptoms. However, there are men with testicular cancer who do not show symptoms. On the other hand, there are men who show some symptoms of testicular cancer, but these symptoms are related to another health problem. Therefore, it is not necessary that if you have one or more symptoms of testicular cancer, you could have this cancer. You may have another illness with similar symptoms.

The most common symptoms of testicular cancer are a small lump or enlargement of the testicle, hardness, swelling, engorgement, and pain in the testicle. They appear until the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

In this article, we will discuss the most common symptoms of testicular cancer that can affect any man at any time. If you want to know the common symptoms and signs, you should read this article.

What is testicular cancer?
The testicles are oval in shape, about the size of a large olive, and are located in the testicular sac below the penis. It is an important part of the male reproductive system.

Testicular cancer is known as a deadly disease. In most cases, testicular cancer is curable, even if it is metastatic. Male testicular cancer accounts for 1.2% of all male cancer cases, but testicular cancer deaths account for 11-13% of all cases. Cancer deaths in men between the ages of 15 and 35.

In general, testicular cancer has two peaks depending on the age of the man. The first peak occurs before the age of 45 and accounts for approximately 90% of testicular cancer cases. The second peak affects men over fifty.

This cancer can affect one or both testicles together, and according to the Testicular Cancer Study, the cause of testicular cancer is unknown. Testicular cancer can affect healthy testicles when they deviate. These healthy cells divide to maintain normal body functions. Although some cells grow abnormally in some cases making the growth uncontrollable, these cancerous cells continue to divide and the cells accumulate in the testicle.

Most cases of testicular cancer begin in the cells of the testicles, which produce immature sperm. The reasons why abnormal germ cells turn into cancer are not known.

Some risk factors for testicular cancer

  • Undescended testicle: According to research on undescended testicle, men with undescended testicle are more likely to develop testicular cancer than normal men, but most men with testicular cancer do not have an undescended testicle. History of an undescended testicle. testis.
  • Family history: If someone in your family has had testicular cancer, you are also at risk.
  • Abnormal testicular development: Some conditions cause abnormal testicular development, such as Klinefelter syndrome.
  • Age: Men get testicular cancer, especially during adolescence and early adulthood.
  • Colour: White men are more likely to develop testicular cancer than dark-skinned men.

Symptoms of testicular cancer
Knowing the symptoms and signs of testicular cancer helps a lot in identifying the disease at an early stage, and it is good for you that testicular cancer, among other types of cancer, has a higher cure rate. The height it depends. Detection of the disease in its initial stage.

Here are the symptoms that you should pay attention to and not neglect:

Back and stomach pain
Cancer begins to metastasize when it begins to spread to the rest of the body, according to one study, about 10-20% of men with testicular cancer experience symptoms unrelated to the testicle, in addition to having a lump in the neck. Showing that the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, so if you notice these symptoms, you should examine these lumps to find out what is causing them.

For example, stomach pain with some silent symptoms may be an advanced symptom of testicular cancer. According to studies, swollen lymph nodes, spread of cancer from the testicles to the liver can cause abdominal pain and can be a sign of liver cancer.

The appearance of a painless lump in the testicle

One of the most common symptoms of testicular cancer is a painless lump in the testicle that I like to mention in this article and want all male readers to know. This lump can be the size of a pea if caught early, but it can also be larger. Sizes.

In fact, it is very important for men to know that a lump cannot cause discomfort, so it is essential for men to check their testicles themselves regularly. In many cases, men don’t see a lump until they see an unbound ulcer. So you have to check yourself and make sure there are no abnormal lumps or lumps.

Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

You may not feel any pain, but a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum is an early symptom of testicular cancer that should not be overlooked. Some men experience heaviness in the scrotum and report the problem to their doctor. Persistent testicular pain should not be ignored.

According to research, some testicular tumors produce androgens, which are the male hormone, which show signs of puberty in men. Young men who develop hair and voice early are more likely to develop testicular cancer, so to protect your children, especially young adults, you need to be fully aware of any abnormal changes that occur as they grow.

It is known that pain in the scrotum is another sign of testicular cancer and it can occur with or without swelling. These days, there are few ways for men to know they have the disease.

Presence of fluid in the scrotum

It is completely normal to have fluid inside the scrotum, but you should be careful if the fluid buildup continues for more than seven days. According to studies, the sudden accumulation of fluid inside the scrotum can be caused by a testicular tumor. Immediately.

Pain when touching the nipples

Some people think that only women experience breast pain and discomfort, but men with testicular cancer also experience pain when touching the breast, and the breast may increase in size and a tumor in the testicle can produce protein. It is what causes breast pain, so instead of being embarrassed by the presence of breast discharge or an increase in breast size, this is a serious sign that you should seek medical attention immediately.

Change in the shape of the testicle

When we talk about the early symptoms of testicular cancer, we must pay attention if there is a change in the shape of the testicle. A change in the size of the testicle compared to others is one of the signs of testicular cancer. It is normal for a testicle to be larger or different than your companion’s, but if you notice an abnormal lump or swelling in the testicle, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

blood clot

Shortness of breath or swelling of the legs caused by a blood clot may be associated with the symptoms. A blood clot in a vein is called a deep vein thrombosis.

A blood clot in the lungs can cause shortness of breath. For some men who experience a blood clot, this may be a symptom of testicular cancer.


An infection in the testicle is called orchitis, while an infection in the epididymis is called epididymitis. When a patient suspects he has an infection, he resorts to taking antibiotics. If antibiotics do not cure the condition, you should undergo tests and examinations for testicular cancer, and this is an early symptom of testicular cancer that you must avoid. ignore him.

Some other symptoms of testicular cancer
Apart from the early symptoms of testicular cancer that have been mentioned before, there are some other symptoms that you may experience. Many of the symptoms of testicular cancer are similar to those caused by another disease, and include:

  • The appearance of a cyst in the epididymis The epididymis is a small organ attached to the testicle that has tubes that lead sperm away from the testicle.
  • Enlarged blood vessels in the testicle.
  • Open your stomach muscles.
  • Lack of energy, fever, sweating, general feeling of illness and tiredness.
  • Cough, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
  • Headache, confusion of thinking.
  • bloating and flatulence;
  • Weight loss .
  • infertility.

If you experience any changes, remember to talk to your doctor. Your doctor will likely ask you when you first began experiencing these symptoms and changes. If the condition is diagnosed as testicular cancer, reducing symptoms has an important role in treating the cancer, so you should talk to your doctor about any symptoms. You feel it, and the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment for this type of cancer.

The best way to detect testicular cancer early is to check yourself every month, and this check should be done after taking a warm bath when the skin is in a relaxed state. You need to roll each testicle by itself between your thumb and other fingers, if you feel pain, swelling or lumps. Solid and if these symptoms persist for more than two weeks, you should consult a doctor immediately.

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